Private Sector Landlords are required to have at least one smoke alarm installed on every storey of their properties and a carbon monoxide alarm in any room containing a solid fuel burning appliance (eg a coal fire, wood burning stove).
Landlords must also make sure the alarms are in working order at the start of each new tenancy.
Where properties are found to be missing detectors the Council must serve a remedial notice on the landlord requiring them to be provided.
If a landlord fails to comply with a remedial notice the Council must do the works themselves and will serve a penalty charge notice of up to £5,000 (£1,000 for a first offence in Stafford).
The law requires that the Council publish a statement of reasons that will be followed when deciding the amount of a penalty charge. This statement can be found in the Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm Regulations - Statement of Principles.
More information can be found in the Smoke and carbon monoxide: alarms explanatory booklet for landlords.